All about Golden Retrievers






Golden Retrievers are noted mostly for their gentle, loving disposition, and are an excellent breed for families with children.


They are also chosen for guide dogs, gun dogs, show dogs and as assistants for the handicapped. They are very smart and are on the top for obedience competitors. Originally bred to assist in the retrieving both upland game and waterfalll, their skills of this sort have turned to the tennis ball – in many homes. These dogs originated in the 1860’s in Great Britain from breeds of the Scottish country estate of Lord Tweedmouth. He mated a yellow wafy-coated retriever to a Tweed Water Spaniel (a breed now extinct). This eventually led to the stock that is today’s Golden Retrievers. They were first brought to North America in the late 1890’s and were first registered by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1925.







The Golden Retriever is a sturdy, medium-large sized dog. The skull is broad and the muzzle is straight, tapering slightly with a well defined stop. The nose is black or a brownish black. The teeth meet in a scissors bite. The medium to large eyes are dark brown. The relatively short ears hang down close to the cheeks. When pulled forward the tip of the ear should just cover the eye. The tail is thick at the base with feathering along the underside. Dewclaws may be removed. The water-resistant coat is dense with a firm, straight, or wavy outer coat. There is an untrimmed feathering on the underbelly, back of the legs, front of the neck and underside of the tail. Coat color comes in cream to a rich golden.


Although Goldens are considered a large breed of dog, males usually are only about twenty-three to twenty-four inches tall. Females average between twenty-one and twenty-three inches. Males should weigh between sixty-five and seventy-pounds while females should tip the scales at between fifty-five and sixty-five pounds.



The Golden Retriever stays high on the list of favorite dogs. Why? They are friendly, gentle, and eager. They truly need human companionship. Given some proper attention and time, your Golden will be your loyal, affectionate friend and be willing to do everything to please you. They are easy to train, they love to learn, and their intelligence allows them to learn just about anything a human can teach a dog to do. They are the greatest for a family dog, but also for ‘search and rescue’, obedience show, or as a hunting dog.



You will never actually own a Golden in their minds. That’s just a fact of life. They look at you as the highest ranking member of their pack. By nature, dogs protect and care for their pack members. Golden Retrievers are no different in that aspect. When a Golden is a true member of the family, he will give his life for you, if necessary. However, if you are not in the house and a burglar comes in, he will probably point out where you have hidden your grandmother’s silver and help the robber carry it out! It’s just the nature of the spectacular Golden Retriever.

There is nothing quite like watching a Golden Retriever play with children. The Golden seems to naturally and instinctively know that children are more fragile than adults and it will be more careful with a child. Special bonds can develop between a Golden and a child and they will be passive regardless of the pinching, pushing, tail pulling and otherwise rough treatment they can get from a child – in fact it will probably enjoy the attention!

Goldens usually enjoy the companionship of other pets – especially if play might be an option.



Most people are attracted to the rich color of the Golden Retriever’s coat. It can be anywhere from the palest color of blonde to a deep and luxurious shade of golden red. Their thick mane and beautiful feathering are also appealing. They do require a fair amount of brushing to keep them looking spectacular and ensure there are no mats forming in their coats.

The Versatility of the Golden

They may look big but once they curl up on the couch, they don’t take up much room. Most Golden Retrievers are happy anywhere, in apartments or in large, country homes. Apartment dwellers that are very active can have a happy Golden living with them. You don’t need to be living on acres of land to own a Golden. You do need to make sure that your Golden gets the exercise needed to keep him healthy.



Golden Retrievers are classified as Sporting Dogs by the American Kennel Club therefore; they require a fair amount of exercise. It’s best for a Golden to have a fenced yard so he can run and play at will. However, long walks on a leash or playtime at your local dog park should satisfy your Golden Retriever’s exercise requirements. Most Goldens love to swim and will spend hours in the pool or lake. It’s best to always keep a towel on hand because if there’s water around, your Golden will find it!

Once you bring a Golden Retriever into your family, you will realize that they have a weird attraction to tennis balls. They will do anything for one and will chase them for hours on end!

Kid Friendly and Family Approved

Golden Retrievers are one of the best breeds of dogs for families with children. They absolutely love people and are very tolerant of little children. When properly bred and socialized, babies can crawl on top of them and they will whine until somebody comes to get the baby. Most Goldens wouldn’t consider getting up because they know the baby could get hurt. Golden Retrievers love their family.

Golden Retrievers love to play which is why they are great for children. They will spend their lives fetching tennis balls. The only downfall to that is nobody has the energy or the time to throw the perpetual ball. That’s OK. As long as they have a bunch of toys, they can occupy themselves for a while.

Most Goldens get along well with everyone and everything. They love people and usually play well with other dogs and tolerate cats. Of course, proper socialization is important for your dog to grow into a well-adjusted, pet friendly family member.

Good Health for a Long Life

As with every breed of dog, Golden Retrievers are known to have some health problems. Skin issues can be a problem. They range from generic dry and itchy skin to seborrhea and lick granuloma. The breed has some can have heart problems such as cardiomyopathy and sub aortic stenosis. Hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, osteochondritis and luxating patella are also found in Golden Retrievers. Juvenile cataracts are sometimes an issue as well.

To ensure that you are buying a healthy dog, buy only from a reputable breeder. Never buy a puppy from a pet shop as they get their dogs from puppy mills. Keep in touch with your breeder as he will be a wealth of information for you throughout your pet’s life. With proper veterinary care and a quality and healthy diet, a well-bred Golden Retriever should live between eleven and twelve years.