All About Cavaliers

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

All About Cavaliers

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is one of the most popular breeds in the United Kingdom and is rapidly increasing in popularity throughout the United States. It’s no wonder because this is an incredibly loving breed of dog. When the doorbell rings, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel will let you know that someone is there. Once you open the door, he’ll greet your visitor with kisses!

Small In Size But Big On Charm

The largest dog in the toy class is the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. Ideally, they are between ten and thirteen inches tall. They customarily weigh anywhere from ten to eighteen pounds. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is the littlest of all of the spaniel breeds but has a personality that is huge! These charming lap dogs always get attention wherever they go.

That Colorful Coat


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elizabeth Grace

Four colors are acceptable for the American Kennel Club’s breed standard. Blenheims have a white body base with chestnut colored markings. The Black and Tans are marked similar to a Doberman Pincher with a black body and tan markings on the legs, face, chest and rear area. Rubies have a completely liver to chestnut colored coat. Tri-Colors are a combination of black, white and tan. The wide variety of beautiful colors for the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel makes it hard for families to choose which they prefer! Each and every one is gorgeous.

As puppies, the coats are short but they quickly grow into that flowing coat they are known to have in adulthood. It is incredibly soft and silky when cared for properly. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel should be brushed three times a week at the very least. This will ensure that the coat stays in tiptop condition.

The Happy House Pet

Heidi

Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have the uncanny ability to be happy almost anywhere. They do just as well in a tiny, city apartment as they do in a large mansion. These wonderful little dogs travel very well and are great for people that spend a lot of time traveling in recreational vehicles. Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are such versatile dogs that they don’t mind where they are as long as they are next to their owner!

The Best Lap Dog Ever

Every breed of dog requires some exercise. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is no different. Because of their small stature, they require only a small amount of exercise. A nice walk several times a day along with some playtime should be sufficient to keep the muscles strong. Without proper exercise, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels tend to become pleasantly plump which can lead to health problems.

Both Loving and Lovable

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a special breed of dog. They absolutely love everyone they meet. Even though they are small, they are very playful and are wonderful with children. Spending five minutes with a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel will make you fall in love with the breed.

Other dog friendly pets will find the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel to be an energetic playmate. With proper socialization, they will get along well with both dogs and cats.

Healthy Dogs Live Longer

All dog breeds have some kind of health issue that is prevalent within the breed. The same goes for the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. Responsible breeders do all that they can to eliminate serious health problems in their lines.

Feeding a high quality dog food and regular veterinary exams can improve your pet’s chances for a long and healthy life. Generic dog food brands don’t have the best ingredients. Your puppy’s breeder will be able to suggest a good brand of food for your dog. With proper care, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel can live between nine and fourteen years.

One alert for the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel owner is the possibility of ear infection. Because of their cute drop ears, air doesn’t flow into the ear canal. This allows for a buildup of wax and bacteria. Careful and regular ear cleanings will help avoid infection.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are can sometimes have eye disorders, including  cataracts, retina or corneal problems. Dry eye is also a tendency within the breed but can be treated by the Veterinarian. Without treatment, it can eventually lead to the dog going blind.

Other major health issues are hip dysplasia and luxating patella. These problems interfere with the dog’s ability to walk. This can get worse as the dog ages.

The blood disorder called thrombocytopenia is a propensity within the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breed. It causes the blood not to clot properly and effectively. It can be life threatening. Cavalier King Charles Spaniels should be screened for this disorder.

Syringomyelia affects the dog’s brain and spine. It’s a malformation of the bottom portion of the back of the head. This genetic defect can create minor pain for the dog or paralysis in severe cases.

Mitral Valve disease is the loosening of the heart’s mitral valve. It leads to further heart problems and heart attacks. The final cause of death for most Cavalier King Charles Spaniels is some form of heart disease.

Puppies that are produced by reputable breeders have a better chance at a happy and healthy life. Good breeders test their adult dogs for many health problems. They do their best to breed puppies free from genetic defects however; this cannot guarantee that a gene from twenty generations back doesn’t pop up. Never buy a puppy from a pet shop. They buy their puppies from puppy mills. These puppy mills don’t care for their animals properly nor do they do any testing for health problems.

The Breed’s Development

Gracie and Jack

King Charles the First loved the little dogs that were known as Comforters. He always had them with him. They because very popular throughout England. The spaniels were smaller than they are today and had a pushed in nose with a short muzzle and are called the English Toy Spaniel in the United States. Many people still prefer the old style of spaniel.

In the 1920’s, a Chow Chow breeder named Mrs. Pitt bought a Blenheim King Charles Spaniel. She showed the dog at Cruft’s Dog Show and won in her class. In 1928, those that owned, showed and bred the old style came together and formed the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club. The American Kennel Club recognized the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel as a miscellaneous breed in 1961. Then in 1995, the breed was fully recognized as a member of the Toy Group

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Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Puppies Available